By Ive Marx
Social scientists, politicians, and economists have lately been considering the concept the complicated welfare states of Europe face a “New Social Question.” The middle concept is that the transition from an commercial to a postindustrial atmosphere has introduced with it a complete new set of social hazards, constraints, and trade-offs, which necessitate radical recalibration of social defense structures. a brand new Social query? analyzes that query extensive, with specific consciousness to the matter of source of revenue security and the problems dealing with Bismarckian welfare states. it is going to be useful studying for a person attracted to realizing the way forward for ecu social coverage.
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Additional info for A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the Postindustrial Era (Changing Welfare States Series)
6 Source: Belgian Socio-Economic Panel Survey. indd 42 8-12-2006 15:12:44 One should of course keep in mind that those of working age constitute a very broad segment of the population. This is important, as the younger active generation is much more skilled than the previous generation. In other words, age plays a significant role in the observed trends. Moreover, in the present discourse, concern is focused mainly on the younger lowskilled. It is often argued that the enormous increase in schooling levels over the past decades has resulted in a deflation of the value of degrees and in the low-skilled being pushed out of the labour market.
The existence of benefit schemes makes it easier for employers to dismiss employees. And from the employee’s perspective, social transfers may reduce, even eliminate, the economic necessity of finding a job, hanging on to a job or of finding alternative employment. Whether or not someone decides to enter the labour market depends, at least to some extent, on the balance between the costs and benefits of remunerated labour (Atkinson and Micklewright 1991; Blundell and Macurdy 2000). indd 51 8-12-2006 15:12:46 context.
Exogenous vs. endogenous causality The sharp increase in pre-transfer poverty among the lower skilled is consistent with the initial hypothesis. There is, however, something remarkable about the way economic self-reliance has declined. indd 52 8-12-2006 15:12:46 risen steadily over the course of those thirty years. In fact, what we see is that dependency levels ‘exploded’ during a relatively short time period between roughly the mid-1970s and the mid-1980s. The period that follows is essentially a period of stagnation, save for ﬂuctuations that correlate closely with macro-economic conditions (growth and unemployment rates).
A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the Postindustrial Era (Changing Welfare States Series) by Ive Marx