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By Petr Sgall, Ladislav Nebeský, Alla Goralčíková, Eva Hajičová

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58), and not as two lexons realized by a single morpheme. If the latter solution were chosen, it would be possible-if we understand Lamb's exposition correctly-to do without the neutralizations in the knot patterns, where they appear only occasionally. Perhaps Lamb prefers the former solution in qrder to make it possible to account for the distinct syntactic distribution of the two units in question by his morphotactics ; but we may ask why this distribution should be accounted for j ust by the morphotactics and not, for instance, by the lexotactics.

Lamb's treatment differs from ours in that he inserts a new unit (his m01pheme) between Hockett's morpheme (Lamb's lexon) and the morph (a string of phonemes) ; see Figure 5. But, in lexon morpheme morphon I . phoneme - - - - - - - - - - - - - morph Figure 5. Morphons and Morphemes. , Lamb's downward ANDS), but also his relation R (Lamb's realization ; cf. his portmanteau realization and neutraliz­ ation in Lamb, 1 966b, Figure 6). With this treatment, the fact that individual elementary units (the morphons, in this case) occur as elements of distinct complex units is handled in the same way as homonymy (neutralization) in other cases.

In cases where two naming units differ only in their syntactic properties (and in that they belong to different syntactic word classes), and not in their lexical meaning, that is, in the case of syntactic derivation, both naming units correspond to the same lexical semanteme. Certainly, it is very difficult to find appropriate criteria for distinguishing between lexical and syntactic derivation in individual cases. It is necessary to provide for a wide homonymy among verbal nouns, for instance, and various nouns derived from verbs, but differing from them by some feature of their lexical meaning (cf.

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A Functional Approach to Syntax In Generative Description of Language by Petr Sgall, Ladislav Nebeský, Alla Goralčíková, Eva Hajičová


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